Comment Development is a process involving patterns of movements and changes a person
I will also connect these stages to the strands of development which are physical, emotional, cognitive, social and cultural. Erikson believed that throughout each stage of life we are set new life tasks of which we need to overcome. Many strands of development are experienced within this stage such as psychical, emotional and cognitive.
Psychical development is experienced when the child begins to sit without any support this then leads to crawling and walking. During infancy the child shows emotion by crying and this indicates their needs.
Further emotion is developed and the child may show signs of separation anxiety from the mother. If the child is given a high quality of care through this stage this will impact on the trust they implant into others in later life.
The second conflict occurs in later infancy yearsAutonomy vs Shame and doubt. Children learn to be independent at this stage and rely on praise from their caregiver.
If the child is not allowed to exercise independence or lack praise they may start to doubt they are able to do things for themselves. If the individual does not meet the needs of this stage during infancy they may develop negative habits in later life such as nail biting.
In the Anal stage the child has a fixation on regulating bowel and bladder movements and during this stage toilet training begins. The child feels a sense of independence and accomplishment if this stage is completed successfully.
At this age challenging behaviour is also involved such as ignoring orders or talking back as the child learns to rebel against parents rules, this is normal for this stage of development and is able to be rectified before transition to adolescence.
During childhood social development takes place when the child learns to socialise with different group settings and is able to establish a friendship and bond with other children. During this stage as children start school they may be introduced to children from different back grounds and this is where cultural development takes place.
Children are able to recognise the norms and roles of different family structures. During this conflict stage the child should explore their own initiative and approaches.
If the child is unable to do so feelings of guilt and doubt may arise. Children learn to be able to complete activates that are valued by adults and friends, failure to do so the child may feel inferiority.
In relation to Freud, the third and fourth stages of his theory occur during childhood. The Phallic stage occurs at the age of years and the Latent stage occurs at the age of During the Phallic stage the child recognises sexual desires and they have a desire towards the opposite sex parent.
The child becomes highly possessive of his opposite sex parent and loves them to a high intensity, this means they want them all to their self and may not understand that their love for them may be inappropriate.
During this stage the child also takes on the values and norms of their parents and behaves in an appropriate and acceptable manner in society.
Throughout the adolescence stage yearsPhysical development changes to a great extent due to puberty. Puberty links in with the emotional development of the individual and hormonal changes can make them moody and unpredictable.The four-year Honours Bachelor of Child Development program prepares you for expansive opportunities across the health, education, and social service sectors.
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