The logic behind using standards as the foundation for curriculum, instruction, and assessment is compelling. First, schools, like most other organizations, need to pay at least as much attention to the quality of what they produce, namely graduates—as they do to the processes and content involved. In fact, that is the primary logic behind national and state standards efforts. Second, curriculum content and teacher expectations for students in the same courses and grade levels vary greatly within and across buildings, districts, and states.
History[ edit ] The use of drugs in sports goes back centuries, about all the Olympics document based question back to the very invention of the concept of sports.
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For instance, Scandinavian mythology says Berserkers could drink a mixture called "butotens", to greatly increase their physical power at the risk of insanity. One theory is that the mixture was prepared from the Amanita muscaria mushroom, though this has been disputed.
The ancient Olympics in Greece have been alleged to have had forms of doping. In ancient Romewhere chariot racing had become a huge part of their culture, athletes drank herbal infusions to strengthen them before chariot races. The Illustrated London News chided: It may be an advantage to know that a man can travel miles in hours, and manage to live through a week with an infinitesimal amount of rest, though we fail to perceive that anyone could possibly be placed in a position where his ability in this respect would be of any use to him [and] what is to be gained by a constant repetition of the fact.
That's much more fun". And the more spectators paid at the gate, the higher the prizes could be and the greater was the incentive of riders to stay awake—or be kept awake—to ride the greatest distance. Their exhaustion was countered by soigneurs the French word for "carers"helpers akin to seconds in boxing.
Among the treatments they supplied was nitroglycerinea drug used to stimulate the heart after cardiac attacks and which was credited with improving riders' breathing. An athletic contest in which the participants 'go queer' in their heads, and strain their powers until their faces become hideous with the tortures that rack them, is not sport, it is brutality.
It appears from the reports of this singular performance that some of the bicycle riders have actually become temporarily insane during the contest Days and weeks of recuperation will be needed to put the racers in condition, and it is likely that some of them will never recover from the strain.
Inon his tour to Vienna with his team for the world championship, Ziegler learned from his Russian colleague that the Soviet weightlifting team's success was due to their use of testosterone as a performance-enhancing drug.
This resulted in the creation of methandrostenolonewhich appeared on the market in During the Olympics that year, the Danish cyclist Knud Enemark Jensen collapsed and died while competing in the kilometer mile race.
An autopsy later revealed the presence of amphetamines and a drug called nicotinyl tartrate in his system. The American specialist in doping, Max M. Goldman's dilemma Goldman's dilemma, or the Goldman dilemma, is a question that was posed to elite athletes by physicianosteopath and publicist Bob Goldman, asking whether they would take a drug that would guarantee them success in sport, but cause them to die after five years.
In his research, as in previous research by Mirkin, approximately half the athletes responded that they would take the drug,  but modern research by James Connor and co-workers has yielded much lower numbers, with athletes having levels of acceptance of the dilemma that were similar to the general population of Australia.
Research and limited tests have been conducted only to find short-term, reversible effects on athletes that are both physical and mental.
These side effects would be alleviated if athletes were allowed the use of controlled substances under proper medical supervision. These side-effects include Intramuscular abscesses and other microbial bacteria that can cause infections, from counterfeited products the user decides to purchase on the black market, high blood pressure and cholesterol, as well as infertility, and dermatological conditions like severe acne.
Mental effects include increased aggression and depression, and in rare cases suicide has been seen as well.The Olympic Charter is the codification of the Fundamental Principles, Rules and Bye-laws adopted by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
It governs the organisation and running of the Olympic Movement and sets the conditions for the celebration of the Olympic Games. The Olympics have always been a geopolitical microcosm: beyond the athletic match-ups, they provide a vehicle for diplomacy and propaganda, and even, occasionally, a proxy for war.
It stands to. Ap® world history scoring guidelines question 1—document-based question basic core (competence) 0–7 points 1 has acceptable thesis 1 point • the thesis must address at least two factors that shaped the modern olympics.
Project TAHOE reflects the committed work of teachers from Northern Nevada since The work began through Teaching American History Grants and continues because many Social Studies teachers in our region have experienced the benefits of teacher collaboration and of creating and implementing high leverage, rigorous lessons that .
ART Olympic Qualification FAQ a summary document of all questions and answers from the meeting and those collected afterward was promised. Please see below for a synopsis. This document is a tool to help improve understanding of the ART based on results of Qualifications, to participate with a maximum of one (1) athlete per NOC.
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