Our goal is to connect individuals and communities with opportunities needed for thriving by educating the public, building the capacity of allied social justice organizations, and investing in efforts that support equity and inclusion. Here at the Kirwan Institute we do this through research, engagement, and communication.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. To date, most research and resulting clinical strategies have focused on the individual with short-term health improvements that have not been maintained over time.
Researchers more recently have recognized the need to consider the social determinants of diabetes and health along with individual factors.
The purpose of this literature review is to examine current understanding of the social determinants affecting diabetes and health. English language, human studies, social determinants of diabetes and health, and research in the United States.
Additional search methods included reference chaining of the literature. Twenty research articles met the inclusion criteria for the review and analysis and included quantitative and qualitative methods.
Fifteen studies were quantitative studies and five were qualitative studies.
No intervention studies met inclusion criteria. Each study is summarized and critiqued. Study findings indicate that external or upstream factors consistently affect individuals diagnosed with diabetes, influencing self-management.
Significant methodological limitations result directly from small sample sizes, convenience or nonprobability sampling, and low statistical power. Social determinants of health and diabetes need to be considered when focusing on improving diabetes outcomes.
Future research studies should focus on testing health outcomes of people with diabetes within the social determinants of health framework.
Such research is particularly significant due to high rates of diabetes and subsequent disease sequelae.
It is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States[ 1 ]. Diabetes places the individual at risk for serious long term complications including blindness, cardiovascular disease, end stage renal disease, hypertension, stroke, neuropathy, lower limb amputations, and premature death[ 1 ].
Historically, research and resulting clinical approaches focusing on the individual have led to improvement in self-management outcomes and reduction of cardiovascular risk factors; however, these short-term improvements have not been maintained over time.
Researchers more recently have recognized the need to consider factors external to the individual, namely the social determinants of diabetes and health in order to achieve the goal of sustainable improvement in health outcomes[ 34 ].
Social determinants of health are social-ecological factors affecting health[ 6 ]. Therefore, external or upstream determinants such as social support and elements of the community affect the health of the individual.
Specific socio-ecological factors identified from this literature review are examined below.contribute to raise living standard in OECD countries. Some of the same factors10 © OECD INTRODUCTION The past decade has witnessed a renewed interest in the.
Course Overview. This programme provides advanced study of accounting and financial management. It enables graduates of accounting and finance, as well as professionally qualified accountants, to take stock of what they have learnt, and helps them extend their academic training.
Soft skills v7 © Kaipa Group Page 1 Soft Skills are Smart Skills Prasad Kaipa & Thomas Milus, SelfCorp, Inc. Subhash Chowdary, Ankhen, Inc. Organizational behavior is the study of both group and individual performance and activity within an organization. Internal and external perspectives are two theories of how organizational.
in research one of the problems is whether to carry out a quantitative research. i do think so we,students do not have clear understanding about it in the very beginning.
Any ways doing research requires high degree of patience. i suggest the following topics as quantitative research topics. Psychosomatic Medicine, founded in , is the official organ of the American Psychosomatic Society.
It publishes experimental and clinical studies dealing with various aspects of the relationships among social, psychological, and behavioral factors and bodily processes in humans and animals. It is an international, interdisciplinary journal devoted to experimental and clinical investigation.